Internally displaced people (IDPs) have not crossed a border to find safety. Unlike refugees, they are on the run at home. IDPs stay within their own country and remain under the protection of its government, even if that government is the reason for their displacement. They often move to areas where it is difficult to deliver humanitarian assistance and as a result, these people are among the most vulnerable in the world.
Legal Instruments Related to Internally Displaced Persons
The "Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement", although not legally binding, are the main instrument specifically dealing with internally displaced persons (IDPs). They restate and compile human rights and humanitarian law relevant to internally displaced persons. Below is an overview of international human rights and humanitarian law standards that are applicable to IDPs.
UNHCR has consulted with Member States, UN partners, and NGOs extensively throughout the development of the humanitarian reforms and the cluster leadership approach. Below are documents providing backgound information on UNHCR's IDP field operations and global clusters, as well as challenges facing the organisation as it assumes its leadership role.